We intend to build on children’s understanding of the world at the end of Reception by extending their knowledge of biology, physics and chemistry through key stages 1 and 2 to enable pupils to be ready for science at secondary school. Pupils will be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science and key scientists from the past. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils will be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They will be encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes. They will develop understanding through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them.
The programmes of study describe a sequence of knowledge and concepts. It is important that pupils make progress but the focus is also important to develop secure understanding of each key block of knowledge and concepts in order to progress to the next stage. Pupils will be familiar with, and use, technical terminology accurately and precisely. The programmes of study will link to their mathematical knowledge to their understanding of science, including collecting, presenting and analysing data. Over the course of six year, pupils will develop greater understanding of how to working scientifically. This includes observing over time; seeking patterns; identifying, classifying and grouping; comparative and fair testing (controlled investigations); and researching using secondary sources.